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Source Packages is an sfpowerscripts feature that mimics the behaviour of native unlocked packages.
Source Packages are metadata deployments from a Salesforce perspective, it is a group of components that are deployed to an org. Unlocked packages are a First Class Salesforce deployment construct, where the lifecycle is governed by the org, such as deleting/deprecating metadata and validating versions.
We always recommend using unlocked packages over source packages whenever you can. As a matter of preference, this is our priority of package types
Source Packages are typically used for application-config (configuring an application delivered by a managed package such as changes to help text/description of fileds ) or when you come across these constraints
- Facing bugs while deploying the metadata using unlocked packages
- Unlocked Package validation takes too long (still we recommend go org-dependent)
- Dealing with metadata that is global or org-specific in nature (such as queues, profiles, etc or composite UI layouts, which doesn't make sense to be packaged using unlocked package)
- Development teams who are starting to adopt package-based development and want to organize their metadata
Source packages in addition to deploying the metadata contained in the package, has some addtional features as mentioned below All these currently available options that can be enabled for source packaging by adding to the package descriptor in the sfdx-project.json file.
- Ability to skip the package if already installed: By keeping a record of the version of the package installed in the target org with the support of an unlocked package, sfpowerscripts can skip installation of source packages if it is already installed in the org
- Versioned Artifact: Aligned with sfpowerscripts principle of traceability, every deployment is traceable to a versioned artifact, which is difficult to achieve when you are using a folder to deploy
- Optimized Deployment (
isOptimizedDeployment:<boolean>): Control the behaviour of testing of source packages during deployment, utilize the org's coverage or better have apex unit tests that have 75% or more coverage for each class carried in the source package. Any source packages that do not have apex classes/triggers will be deployed without triggering tests
- Aliasify (
aliasfy:<boolean>) : Aliasify enables deployment of a subfolder in a source package that matches the target org. For example, you have a source package as listed below. During Installation, only the metadata contents of the folder that matches the alias gets deployed. If the alias is not found, sfpowerscripts will fallback to the 'default' folder. If the default folder is not found, an error will be displayed saying default folder or alias is missing.
source Packages with env-specific-folders
- Skip Testing (
skipTesting:<boolean>) : Allows you to deploy a source package without triggering test to an Org. Please note, this is only applicable during deployments to sandboxes. Apex tests are mandatory (if your package contains apex classes/triggers) during deployment to production.
- Apply Destructive Changes (
destructiveChangePath:<path>): Allows you to deploy a destructive manifest that need to be applied before deploying the package.
"package": "name--of-the-package", //mandatory, when used with sfpowerscripts
"versionNumber": "X.Y.Z.0", //Pass the build number flag to override zero
"aliasfy": <boolean>, // Only for source packages, allows to deploy a subfolder whose name matches the alias of the org when using deploy command
"isOptimizedDeployment": <boolean> // default:true for source packages, Utilizes the apex classes in the package for deployment,
"skipTesting":<boolean> //default:false, skip apex testing during installation of source package to a sandbox
"skipCoverageValidation":<boolean> //default:false, skip apex coverage validation during validation phase,
"destructiveChangePath:<path> // only for source, if enabled, this will be applied before the package is deployed
"preDeploymentScript":<path> //All Packages
"postDeploymentScript:<path> // All packages
"reconcileProfiles:<boolean> //default:true Source Packages
This functionality only works provided, the target org has sfpowerscripts-artifact' (04t1P000000ka9mQAA) package installed. You need to install the package to every target org (including your production environment). The command for installing this package is as follows
sfdx force:package:install --package 04t1P000000ka9mQAA -u <org> -w 10
If your prefer to install a package from your own DevHub rather than this package, you could do by building a package from the source provided at the URL. Once this package is built, you can override sfpowerscripts to use this package by passing in the the environment variable SFPOWERSCRIPTS_ARTIFACT_UNLOCKED_PACKAGE
Of course, you can, you would get traceability in terms of packages in your CI/CD pipelines, and some nice functionality, however, the benefits of validating dependencies and modular development would not be fully realized. There is also associated danger, as there is no locks associated with source packages, so another source package with same metadata component can overwrite a metadata component deployed by another package. For these, reasons, we always prefer unlocked packages.
By utilizing a destructive manifest file, one could delete metadata components during a Source Package Installation. Add the
destructiveChangePathin the package descriptor by directing to the path to the file that carries information on the component that needs to be uninstalled.
Yes, source packages can depend on other unlocked packages, however dependencies of source packages are validated during deployment time, ie., source packages assume that dependent metadata is already there in your org before the metadata in the source package is being deployed. That being said, for purposes of development in scratch org, you could add 'unlocked package' dependencies to a source package, so commands like prepare and validate (in sfpowerscripts:orchestrator) will install the dependencies to the scratch org.